A row of West Javanese traditional ceremonies, from religion to birth
West Java is an area that stores indigenous wealth. One of them is the West Javanese traditional ceremony. The traditional ceremonies owned by the province are very diverse. Starting from religion, agriculture, birth and others. This cultural heritage is preserved by the community to this day.
As a resident of West Java, it is an obligation to participate in the preservation of traditional ceremonies. However, for the people of other provinces, learning the cultural heritage of West Java is a form of love for the country. The cultural heritage can also be used as an educational tourist destination.
Cultural tourism can not only educate the masyarakat of Indonesia, but alsoattract foreign tourists. Through tourism, culture can be introduced to anyone in the world. The traditional ceremony is expected to be known to the wider community so that its sustainability is preserved.
West Javanese traditional ceremony Bertema Agamagi
The number one traditional ceremony that incorporates religious elements is shura porridge. This activity has no connection at all to Ashura Day, which is generally referred to as the day of the death of one of the Islamic figures, Hussein. The grandson of the Prophet Muhammad SAW died in a sense in Karbala.
The residents where the West Javanese traditional ceremonies with religious nuances are the Cilacap community . The Islam tradition is often associated with one of the Prophets, namely Noah. In addition, it is also associated with Nyai Pohaci Sanghyang Sri, the goddess of fertility in Javanese beliefs.
The tradition is held outside the home of one among the members of the residents who are considered capable of menyelenggarakanny a. Pelaksanaannya can b erlocation also on the edge of the river, field or certain places desired by the residents. These activities havea lot of completeness, such as sacrifices, art, sacred objects to make porridge tools.
The next traditional ceremony of javanese Barat with a religious theme is the ngalungsur heirloom. The religious ceremony is led by akey j uru commonly called kuncen. In that tradition, the inherited objects of Sunan Rohmat Suci were also introduced. The object is preserved by local residents.
In the series of ceremonial processes, participants can see the process of bathing heirloom objects. Participants can recognize everything and what the heritage of Sunan Rohmat Suci heritage looks like in their environment. These heirloom objects are a symbol of Sunan Rohmat Kudus’ struggle in spreading Islam.
Pilgrimage in the context of West Javanese traditional ceremonies
The first traditional pilgrimage-shaped ceremony is rebo wekasan. The pilgrimage was generally organized by residents around the Drajat River, Cirebon. The form of activity is to visit the tomb of Sunan Kalijaga. The time of implementation is Wednesday exactly the last week of the month of Shafar according to the hijri calendar.
The Wednesday elections of the last week of the month of Shafar have a certain meaning. His selection was based on theassumption that this time was the best day in eliminating reinforcements and misfortune. Budaya that also accompanies the rebo wekasan is the rowing competition. In general, the competition is held after the traditional ceremony is over.
The next javanese B arat traditional pilgrimage-themed ceremony is ngunjung or munjung. The name of this tradition is the origin of the word kunjung, which is to make a pilgrimage and pray at the resting place of the ancestors. The tradition symbolizes the gratitude of residents for the favors received so far .
Residents of Indramayu, Cirebon and surroundings generally keep these traditions in the graves of ancestors and religious figures are respected or considered sacred. The purpose of tradition, of course, is to ask for the salvation of life. The tradition of gratitude is generally held after the rice harvest.
In this tradition, it is accompanied by wayang kulit performances and plays as a typical regional art. In addition, the community also presents a variety of special culinary such as tumpeng rice and other traditional culinary varieties as recommended.
A form of gratitude for God’s mercy through West Javanese traditional ceremonies
In addition to the religious theme, several traditional ceremonies are also held as a form of gratitude for the abundance of grace in the life of nature. There are different types of community farms to make a living in nature, ranging from farming to going to sea. The community then carries out a tradition of thanking nature.
The first traditional ceremony of the theme is a sea festival. The location of the implementation of the tradition is in Pangandaran Ciamis and Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi. In addition, it is also carried out in various coastal areas of West Java. In his mopaksanaan fishermen carry offerings in perahu they are rather embellished with different decorations.
One of the sacrifices in the tradition is a buffalo head wrapped in white cloth. These sacrifices were sunk into the sea as a symbol of offerings to the guardians of the sea and to reject the hosts. This tradition is held every year as a form of gratitude and hope for safety when searching for food at sea.
The West Javanese traditional ceremony as a form of gratitude for the creator’s favor is ngalaksa. Unlike the sea festivals often held by fishermen, ngalaksa is organized by farmers. This tradition is usually carried out by residents of the Ranca Kalong area, Sumedang.
The process of implementing ngalaksa is to transport rice to the granary using rengkong (long bamboo with holes is generally used to transport rice). The event is in June. An interesting point of the tradition is the sound of rengkong music being rocked while walking.
Ngalaksa has the meaning of the expression syukur inhabitants forthe success of the harvest during agriculture. Society never forgets the role of God in the success of life. After obtaining favors in harvesting, the community always performs ngalaksa as a form of gratitude to the creator.
Onethat ceremony West Java Wedding tradition to pregnancy
West Java has many traditional ceremonies. In fact, at weddings there is not only 1 ceremony. One of the ceremonies in marriage is neundeun. The tradition is a visit from a male parent to a female parent to have a friendship and convey the intention of applying.
After that, ngalamar was performed, which is a tradition in the form of visits by male parents to ask about the woman. In the tradition are designed wedding plans of the bride and groom. Then a ceremony was also performed, namely the process of sending the groom-to-be to the woman’s parents to marry.
After a woman has experienced a period of pregnancy, a tingkepan is performed. The tradition was carried out after the woman was 7 months pregnant with her child. Tingkepan origin of the word tingkep has a closed meaning. The point is that the future mother is forbidden to mix with her husband within 40 days of giving birth .
West Javanese traditional ceremonies are often filled with recitations and bathing the pregnant mother. In this tradition canistren rojak is also presented, namely rojak consisting of 7 types or types. The mother was later washed by 7 close relatives by splashing seven types of flower water .
On the 7th rinse, an eel is inserted until it touches the mother’s abdomen. The tradition is focused on hope for the safety of the baby in thewomb. In addition, it is also to maintain the health of the mother by reducing the part of the work due to the large period of pregnancy.
West Java has a variety of traditions that are still maintained and preserved by the local community. Almost every aspect of life is commemorated with traditions, from marriage, pregnancy, efforts to earn a living to pilgrimages in honor of ancestors. Pap shura, rebo wekasan and sea festivals are some examples of pacarawest Javanese customs.